Table of Contents
P1- Describe the type of business, purpose, and ownership of two contrasting businesses.
Overview of Tesco.
Aims and Purpose of Tesco.
Ownership and Lability of Tesco.
Overview of the NHS.
Ownership and Lability of NHS.
P2- Describe the different stakeholders who influence the purpose of two contrasting businesses.
M1 Different types of stakeholders who influence the NHS.
Stakeholders of Tesco.
P3- Describe how two businesses are organized.
Organizational Structure of Tesco.
Organizational Structure of NHS.
P4 Explain how their style of organization helps them to fulfill their purposes.
P5. Describe the influence of two contrasting economic environments on business activities within a selected organization
P6 the impacts of the social, legal, and political factors on activities of the business.
The proper business system of every company depended on the correct environment of the companies. The proper work environment of the companies helps to develop the performance level of the employees and can provide the best services to the customers and also to the service users. The pleasant environment of the companies provides a positive impact on the business and upon the stakeholders of the organization. The assignment conducted upon the two-business organization Tesco and the International Rescue Committee of the United Kingdom. Tesco is a profitable organization and the International Rescue Committee is a non-profitable organization. The business environment and the impact of the environment upon the business process of these two organizations are affecting rapidly.
P1- Describe the type of business, purpose, and ownership of two contrasting businesses
I will be explaining two different businesses that what their purposes are, what kind of ownership are they, and what is the type of their business.
Overview of Tesco
Tesco started in 1919 when Jack Cohen started selling surplus groceries from a stall in east London. Mr. Cohen who is the founder of Tesco made a profit of £1 from a sale of £4 on his first day. And today Tesco is the UK’s biggest supermarket company by employing about 89000 people internationally and still expanding.
Tesco is an international company it got its branches in over 14 countries which includes china, japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Mexico, and many more. They got over 2500 stores internationally all around the world.
Tesco is a public limited company or PLC that’s national (spread all over the parts of the UK) and is also in every local borough in London. Tesco’s belong to the tertiary sector because it does not make products as such but it mainly provides a valuable service that consumers and other business are prepared to pay for and/ or use. Tesco sells different types of products and most of them are fair trade. Some other companies or people who have their own business buy shares or a section inside the actual shop floor and sell their own products which make their own profit. For e.g. if you visit a Tesco shop floor there is a specific section for cultural products/foods that people usually have to travel to different places to find. Tesco has made it easier as it has sold shares to a business that provides cultural/food products for customers and it will make it easier for them to find their own goods in public limited companies.
Aims and Purpose of Tesco
Tesco’s aim is to compare prices with other leading supermarkets so that they have a better chance with prices. The main purpose of Tesco is to make a profit and expand its business. Their 2nd purpose is to help people save money by selling their product cheaper compare to other supermarket stores. Tesco is a secondary sector because they make some items themselves like when the products have the Tesco brand make on it. It means it’s made by them and tertiary because they provide a variety of different services like home insurance, car insurance, phone contracts etc.
Ownership and Lability of Tesco
Tesco is a PLC ownership that stands for public limited company own by the public and anyone can buy Tesco’s shares if someone is over 18. For e.g. an adult of 18 and over will go online or can also go to the stock exchange to buy their shares. Then the shares will go up and down depends on the market.
The advantage of having a Tesco in a local area would be that they will be cheaper compare to all the other stores around in local. The disadvantage of having Tesco in a local area would be that the small corner shop etc. will not make sales and most probably end up in going depth or have to shut down their business because they won’t be able to compare with Tesco at price.
Limited liability is where a person’s financial liability is limited to a fixed sum, most commonly the value of a person’s investment in a company or partnership. Tesco Ownership the advantages of the type of ownership Tesco are is that Tesco has limited liability for the shareholders, the business can raise a large capital sum as there is no limit to the number of shareholders. The disadvantages are the original owners may lose control, there are strict control and regulations to comply in order to protect the interest.
Overview of NHS
The National Health Service (NHS) is an organization in the Public sector, this means that it is provided and funded by the government through taxes, and it provides a service. It is the health care system, provided to anyone regardless of age, race, and income; free of charge to prevent diseases and illnesses. It was founded in 1948 with the aim to improve the quality and length of life of local people; to provide better services where they are needed most, and to help people to take more control of their health. Although one of its aims is to provide a service to the local people, the NHS is a national business; it has over 400 hospitals/clinics in the UK but not in any other country, therefore not allowing it to be an international or global organization. The NHS does not have hospitals in other countries as the service is only provided to people paying taxes in the UK.
The NHS employs more than 1.6 million people, putting it in the top five of the world’s largest workforces together with the US Department of Defense, McDonald’s, Walmart and the Chinese People’s Liberation Army. The NHS in England is the biggest part of the system by far, catering to a population of 53.9 million and employing more than 1.3 million people. Of those, the clinically qualified staff include 40,236 general practitioners (GPs), 351,446 nurses, 18,576 ambulance staff, and 111,963 hospitals and community health service (HCHS) medical and dental staff.
Ownership and Lability of NHS
The NHS has not got any of types of ownership; the NHS is a publicly funded healthcare service through the taxation, provided by the government. This government department collects money from taxes and puts it directly into the NHS’s funds; the government does not directly control the NHS, a management system is in charge of how the organization runs and how the money is spent on it.
The NHS has limited liability. This tells us that the shareholder’s possessions remain safe if the company has to close as they are only liable for the amount they have invested in the business………………….