Table of Contents
1.1 Compare and contrast different organizational structures and cultures.
1.1.1 Organizational structures.
1.1.2 Organization Cultures.
1.2 Explain how the relationship between an organization’s structure and culture can impact the performance of the business.
1.3 Discuss the factors which impact individual behavior at work.
2.1 Compare the effectiveness of different leadership styles in different organizations.
Difference between management and leadership.
Nature of managerial authority.
A proposed framework for leadership in Greenscape.
Organizational culture in Greenscape.
2.2 How organizational theory underpins the practice of management?.
Scientific Management Theory.
2.3 Evaluate the different approaches to management used by different organizations.
3.1 Discuss the impact of different leadership styles on motivation in organizational change.
3.2 Compare the application of different motivational theories with the workplaces.
3.3 Evaluate the usefulness of motivation theories for managers.
4.1 Explain the nature of groups and group behavior within organizations.
4.2 Discuss factors that may promote the development of effective teamwork in organizations.
4.3 Evaluate the impacts of technology on team functioning.
Organizational behavior is the process of study which examines how organizational structures impact the behavior within the organizations (Mullins, 2007). As Huczynski et al (2010) discuss, organizational behavior can be investigated through multiple levels and viewpoints including within the organization, and outside the organizations. Consequently, organizational behavior is divided into two categories: Macro organizational behavior, and Micro organizational behavior. Micro organizational behavior includes individual as well as group dynamics in organizational settings. Macro organizational behavior includes the overall organization with its adaption, strategies, structures, and contingency ideas. This report discusses different issues of an organization’s behavior including its structures and cultures.
The finding of this report is from tutors’ lectures and notes, different texts books, journals, websites, etc.
In the first section, relationships between organizational structures and cultures have been discussed based on Bsoco Plastic. The next section examined issues on management and leadership following the case study of Greenscape. Then, different motivational theories have been evaluated based on the Fancy Footwear case study. Finally, the report has focused on effective teamwork in organizations based on a case study of Britannia Home Manufacturers.
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1.1 Compare and contrast different organizational structures and cultures
1.1.1 Organizational structures
Organizational structure is a group of strategies and policies which share value to meet a particular organization’s objective (Huczynski, 2010). Different organizations practice different organizational structures: Matrix, bureaucratic, enterprise, individual, and hybrid.
According to Mullins (2007), in an individual structure, decision-makers directly interact with the team members to make decisions as soon as possible. This structure is based on consumers and products. This structure is related to strategies. Enterprise structure includes different skills within functional departments. This structure is related to employees and technologies. This structure can be formed on the basis of functions. The bureaucratic structure follows top-down structures dividing divisions and departments. This structure base on departments and locations. This structure is related to the environment. Matrix structure combines individual and enterprise structure. This structure is formed based on department and activities. This structure is related to human resources, strategies, environment, and technology.
1.1.2 Organization Cultures
Cultures of organizations are the style including shared value, self-image, norms, and symbols, etc (BPP, 2010). Culture can be divided into power culture, role culture, task culture, and person culture. In power culture, the owner controls the whole organization. In role culture, organizations are authorized by responsible managers. In task culture, organizations are controlled by a team of workers where there is no specific responsible person. In-person culture, an individual is subordinate and responsible for the particular task of the organization (Mullins, 2007).
Bosco Plastic Ltd would be successful using decentralize rules and procedures because it will improve decision-making, use of specialization, as well as economy of scale. It will also reduce the overall overhead costs. The decentralized management will also provide consistent strategies and prevent sub-unit. In my opinion, specific empowerments, as well as a delegation to groups and/or sub-units, are important to enjoy a measure of independence and autonomy in Bosco Plastic…………………..