Unit 1: LO 4
4.1 Identify risk within your place of work
My workplace name is Greggs Plc. Greggs Plc is the largest bakery chain in the United Kingdom. It specializes in savory products such as pasties, sausage rolls, and sandwiches, and sweet items including doughnuts and vanilla slices. It is headquartered in Newcastle. I have been working as a sandwich maker for the last five years. There are several risk hazards in my workplaces where temperature extremes one of them.
As a sandwich maker, I spent maximum time in the kitchen and I have to stay by the burner for almost entire my working time.
According to Greggs Plc (2018), to keep internal temperatures within safe limits, the body must get rid of excess heat when the air temperature is high and/or the physical workload is very heavy. This is achieved primarily through the varying rate and depth of blood circulation and the evaporation of sweat from the skin. As the heart begins to pump more blood, blood vessels expand to accommodate the increased flow, the blood circulates to the surface of the skin, and excess heat is lost into the cooler atmosphere. (The evaporation of sweat is the most important way to lose body heat).
As air temperatures approach normal skin temperature, the body has a harder time cooling itself. Periods of high humidity make the problem worse. Under these conditions, hard physical work becomes more difficult to perform. In turn, work in such an environment may lead to an increase in worker accidents, illnesses, and fatalities, as well as a decrease in the affected worker’s health, efficiency, and performance capacities.
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The direct effects of work in hot environments may result in heat stress and several illnesses ranging from heat rash to heatstroke. Heat stress is the sum of environmental and physical work factors that equal the total heat load placed on the body. These factors include the source of heat, the level of work, the acclimatization of the worker, and atmospheric conditions (humidity, wind, and air temperature). Heat-related disorders or illnesses that may be caused by work in hot environments include heat rash, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heatstroke.
4.2 Identify the source of the risk
There are many sources in Greggs Plc from which extreme temperature can arise. These are given below:
According to Linton (2018), air temperature is how hot or cold the air around us is. It is measured with a normal thermometer. Although this is the easiest of all the factors to measure, in hot situations it’s the least important of them. If the air temperature is the only measurement taken, it’s hard to predict how the temperature will affect people……