1.1 Compare and contrast organizational structure and culture.
1.2 Impact of organizational structure and culture on the businesses of Microsoft and Primark
1.3 Factors that affect individual behavior at the workplace of Microsoft
2.1 Compare the effectiveness of different leadership styles in different organizations.
2.2 Explain how organizational theory underpins the practice of management
2.3 Evaluate the different approaches to management used by different organizations.
3.1 Impact different leadership styles on motivation within a period of change.
3.2 Compare the application of different motivational theories within the Microsoft
3.3 Evaluate the usefulness of a motivation theory for managers.
4.1 Explain the nature of groups and group behavior within organizations.
4.2 Discuss factors that may promote or inhibit the development of effective teamwork in organizations
4.3 Evaluate the impact of technology on team functioning within a given organization.
Mullins (2015) stated that the behavior of an organization is to learn the behavior of the staff at their workplace. Organizational behavior highlights the recital and accomplishments of the employees working in any organization. The behavior of an organization is the discourse of the communication method of the employees at their workplace.
In this report, four main tasks of organizational behavior are discussed. Comparison and contrast of organizational structure and culture of ‘Primark’ and ‘Microsoft’ are discussed in the first part of the report. In this section of the report, the main aim of the impact of the structure and culture of ‘Primark’ and ‘Microsoft’ is discussed. The factors affecting the culture of the organization at Microsoft are also spotlighted in this part of the report.
The second section of the report highlights the different styles of leadership in different organizations. The foundation of management policy is evaluated in this section. The different approaches to the management of ‘Microsoft’ and ‘Primark’ are evaluated.
The various motivational factors affecting the different leadership styles are highlighted in the third section of the report. It is discussed how any change of motivational factors at any particular time, highlights the effect of different leadership styles at Microsoft. There is a discussion of different motivational theories at Microsoft. The efficiency of motivational theory for managers in any organization is also discussed in this part of the report.
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The fourth section of the report discusses the nature and behavior of the groups in the organizations. This section of the report also discusses the promotional factors of the development of active communication in organizations. The technological impact on the team’s performance is also discussed in this report.
1.1 Compare and contrast organizational structure and culture
It is noted that the structure of an organization discusses how managers communicate and deal with the employees’ activities in the organization. The main emphasis of the structure of an organization, on the responsibility of managers to achieve the organizational goals Three main structures of an organization are hierarchical, flat, and matrix (.Huczynski and Buchanan, 2015).
Mullins (2015) described that the hierarchical structure of an organization integrates workers along with staff holding one president. It is the skeletal framework of the activities and processes in an organization. This structure is very significant and useful for huge companies. It is discussed that hierarchical organizational structure is adopted in various religious companies, governments, and corporations with a number of altitudes of potential, supremacy, and administration.
Hierarchical structure (Mullins, 2015)
Mullins (2015) stated that the matrix structure of an organization is the combination of both functional and divisional structures. It is established as a grid or a matrix. In an organization with a matrix structure, there are dual reporting relationships of employees. There is more than one manager of the employees according to this structure. The following diagram displays the matrix structure:
Matrix structure (Mullins, 2015)
Horizontal or flat structure:
The other name of the horizontal structure is known as a flat organizational structure. The application of the type of organizational structure can be noted in small businesses. It has a positive impact on better decision-making in organizations. Various levels are eliminated in this structure and the authority of decision making is spread within multiple positions (Mullins, 2015). The following diagram describes the functioning of a horizontal structure in small businesses…………………….