Table of Contents
P1 Explain the legal requirements and regulations for ensuring the health, safety, and security of those employed in the business.
P2 Describe the requirements for a healthy and safe workplace, as applied to the physical environment and equipment used in John Lewis.
P3 Explain the roles and responsibilities for the health and safety of key personnel in John Lewis.
P4 Plan a risk assessment for a selected administrative work environment
Health and Safety is an important part of maintaining good workplace standards on every premise from every industry and sector in the country. The chosen organization for this assignment is John Lewis. This assignment focuses on four key tasks. The first task of this assignment explains the legal requirements and regulations for ensuring the health, safety, and security of those employed in the business.
The second task describes the requirements for a healthy and safe workplace, as applied to the physical environment and equipment used in John Lewis. The third task explains the roles and responsibilities for the health and safety of key personnel in John Lewis. Finally, the fourth task plans a risk assessment for John Lewis’s administrative work environment. It is a duty and moral responsibility of the company to look after the employee’s protection
P1 Explain the legal requirements and regulations for ensuring the health, safety, and security of those employed in the business
Organizations have a legal duty to put in place suitable arrangements to manage health and safety. It should be part of the everyday process of running a business and an integral part of workplace behaviors and attitudes. Workplace health and safety is an important issue for the employer but that is not where it starts. The safety of oneself and other colleagues should be high on the list of priorities. Besides which it is necessary that you be aware of a few facts mentioned below:
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
An act to make further provision for securing the health, safety, and welfare of persons at work, for protecting others against risks to health or safety in connection with the activities of persons at work, for controlling the keeping and use and preventing the unlawful acquisition, possession, and use of dangerous substances, and for controlling certain emissions into the atmosphere; to make further provision with respect to the employment medical advisory service; to amend the law relating to building regulations, and the Building (Scotland) Act 1959, and for connected purposes (Morrison, 2017).
The Workplace (Health, Safety, and Welfare) Regulations 1992
The Workplace (Health, Safety, and Welfare) Regulations cover specific areas of health, safety, and welfare to supplement the general duties of employers under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. The aim of this legislation was to provide a consistent set of minimum workplace standards (Morrison, 2017). They will begin to update our guidance to say that drivers must have access to welfare facilities in the premises they visit as part of their work. As this is likely to take some time, key stakeholders are being informed now. This ranges from provisions for the comfort and sanitation of employees e.g. break areas, washing facilities, drinking water, etc.) to provisions for appropriate working environments (e.g. room dimensions, lighting, and ventilation, etc.
The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995
Under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995, employers, the self-employed, and anyone in control of work premises are required to report some work-related accidents, diseases, and dangerous occurrences to either the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) or the Local Authority. The reporting of certain work-related accidents, diseases, and dangerous occurrences is a legal requirement and the information allows the HSE and the Local Authority to identify where and how risks arise and to investigate serious accidents (Morrison, 2017).
When a Notification is received John Lewis normally attempts to contact the injured party by telephone or letter to request details about the accident or incident. John Lewis aims to visit the accident site where this is appropriate within a maximum of seven working days. If the incident has resulted in a death or multiple injuries, then the scene is visited as soon as possible.
The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1999
The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1999 (usually called COSHH) state that certain substances which are classified as being hazardous to health, and which employees may be exposed to, must be identified in the workplace and the health risks to employees assessed. A substance hazardous to health may not be a single chemical but one which occurs in mixtures or compounds. It is very important that you understand the potential risks posed by the substances that you use.
Take for example carbon dioxide: the accidental release of carbon dioxide contaminates the atmosphere, and where cylinders are stored in confined spaces (for example, in a cellar), the contamination is all the more rapid. The effects of contamination can range from headaches and dizziness to death caused by asphyxiation (Morrison, 2017).