Table of Contents
P1 Explain the legal requirements and regulations for ensuring the health, safety, and security of those employed in the business.
P2Describe the requirements for a healthy and safe workplace, as applied to the physical environment and equipment used in Marks & Spencer.
Physical Environment and Equipment.
P3Explain the roles and responsibilities for the health and safety of key personnel in Marks & Spencer.
P4Plan a risk assessment for a selected administrative work environment.
All businesses must ensure that their equipment is properly used and operated to minimize the risk of accidents or health damage and to meet health and safety requirements. Under the Health and Safety Act, employers have a duty to reduce employee risk (Bennett, 2017). The organization chosen for this assignment is Marks & Spencer since this assignment mainly focuses on four different tasks. The first task of this assignment is to clarify the legal requirements and rules to ensure the health, safety, and security of business employers.
The second work describes the requirements for a healthy and safe workplace as applied to the physical environment and equipment used by Marks & Spencer. The third task explains the roles and responsibilities of the health and safety of Marks &Spencer’s core staff. Finally, the fourth task is to conduct a risk assessment for Marks & Spencer’s administrative work environment. It covers the necessary maintenance, necessary maintenance, and the rules that dispose of the equipment to keep recovery injuries in place.
P1 Explain the legal requirements and regulations for ensuring the health, safety, and security of those employed in the business
Workplace Health and Safety (OH&S) involves the assessment and mitigation of risks that may affect the health, safety, or well-being of Markis & Spencer. These may include the health and safety of their customers, employees, visitors, contractors, volunteers, and suppliers. As a business owner, there are legal requirements that Marks& Spencer must adhere to ensure that their workplace meets WHS obligations. While Marks & Spencer have effectively implemented their health and safety rules, employees now have more rights and responsibilities. Employers have a legal responsibility to ensure that health and safety practices in the workplace are followed (Barclay, 2017).
Employees nowadays have more and more rights and responsibilities and laws have been put into place to ensure both the employees and employers are working together to make sure everyone within the operational department is safe. Some of an employer’s duties are that; they have to maintain safe areas for employees to work in, arrange for appropriate people to carry out equipment such as tables, chairs, substances because teachers legally are not allowed to do this in case they hurt themselves, they have to provide information, training, and supervision relating to health and safety.
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1974
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASAWA) have been given wide tariffs on employers. Employers must protect the ‘treatment, protection and welfare’ of all their employees’ work, as well as others in their premises, including temps, casual workers, self-employed, clients, visitors, and the general public. However, these responsibilities qualify with the words ‘as far as practicable’. This means that employers can argue that the cost of measuring the cost of a particular protection measure will not be justified. However, this does not mean that they can avoid their responsibilities simply by claiming that they cannot improve. HASAWA allows the government to issue regulations, guidelines, and approved practice codes (ACOPs) for employers.
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
A secure work environment that is maintained properly and where the operations are conducted safely and appropriate information, guidance, and supervision are important to Marks and Spencer for workplaces with five or more employees, employers must keep written records of their health and safety policies. Equivalent to employees (or employee representatives) policies and measures relating to health and safety must be consulted about Marks & Spencer, all staffs have a responsibility to take reasonable care for the health and safety for themselves and other people in undertaking the work. Also, they comply with the health and safety policy of Marks & Spencer and procedures at all times.
The Workplace (Health, Safety, and Welfare) Regulations 1992
Workplace safety is the most important for both the employer and the employee. Workplace (Health, Safety, and Welfare) Rule 12 Rule 1992 covers a wide range of basic health, safety and welfare issues and applies to most workplaces (except construction work at designated locations, on ships or on ships or under the ground). All electrical equipment at Marks & Spencer in the science department are tested before being used by employees or placed in the science department and they need to be frequently checked and monitored.
If there is any damaged or pieces of electrical equipment that need to be thrown or replaced, then this should be taken care of to prevent an accident or injury happening within the science department. Around 1000 accidents happen per year from shocks or burns in the workplace which is why this act is extremely important to follow carefully and successfully. The internal temperature of the workplace is reasonable and thermometers are provided for employees.
The heating or cooling method used should not result in the escape of fumes, gases, or vapors which could cause offense or injury. The lighting levels within the workplace should be maintained so that they do not cause risk to health and safety and wherever possible, natural lighting should be used. The workplace, surfaces and furniture, furnishings, and fittings should be clean. All workstations and seating must be arranged suitably and not endanger the health and enable the user to exit swiftly if need be. A footrest should be provided if required.
The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995
Workplace safety is of paramount importance to both the employer and the employee. Workplace (Health, Safety, and Welfare) Rule 12 Rule 1992 Rules cover a wide range of basic health, safety and welfare issues and apply to most workplaces (except construction work at designated locations, on ships or on ships or underground). Not everything needs to be reported at all, but the Ryder Guide clearly states that an accident, injury, and illness needs to be disclosed to the law authority……………………………