Table of Contents
1.1 Compare and Contrast different organizational structures and cultures.
1.2 Explain how the relationship between an organization’s structure and culture can impact on the performance of the business.
1.3Discuss the factors which influence individual behavior at work.
2.1 Compare the effectiveness of different leadership styles in different organizations.
2.2 How organizational theory underpins the practice of management?.
2.3 Evaluate the different approaches to management used by different organizations.
3.1 Discuss the impact of different leadership styles on motivation in organizational change.
3.2 Compare the application of different motivational theories with the workplaces.
3.3 Evaluate the usefulness of motivation theories for managers.
4.1 Explain the nature of groups and group behavior within organizations.
4.2 Discuss factors that may promote the development of effective teamwork in organizations.
4.3 Evaluate the impacts of technology on team functioning.
Organizations refer to social arrangements to achieve controlled performance and to meet collective goals. On the other hand, organizational behavior refers to a body of knowledge as well as the field of research regarding formal organizations, the behavior of organizations’ people, features of organizations, and their environment. In a word, the behavior of an organization is based on its micro-environment and macro-environment (Huczynski et al, 2010). As a result, organizational behavior has a controversial relationship with management practice, and this report examines different organizational behavior theories applying to different organizations.
The first part of this report discusses the relationship between organizational structure and culture based on a case study on Bosco Plastic Ltd. The second part examines different approaches to management and leadership based on a particular case study on Greenscape Ltd. The third part illustrates the ways of using motivational theories in organizations based on a case study on Fancy Footwear Ltd. The final part describes the mechanism for developing effective teamwork in organizations following a case study on Britannia Home Manufacturers Ltd.
1.1 Compare and Contrast different organizational structures and culture
According to BPP (2010), organizational structure refers to a particular set of strategies and policies, a set of activities, and commonly shared values to meet a single objective. Business organizations can adopt a different kind of structure including line organizational structure, functional organizational structures, bureaucratic organizational structures, network organization structures, and matrix structure.
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In the line of organizational structure, management or decision-makers communicate and interact directly with their employees to implement decisions quickly. As a result, this structure is called informal environments. A functional structure is constructed based on a set of skills with a functional department. An example may be setting interpersonal skills for individual staff in the customer service department. The bureaucratic structure is a formal and mature structure where decision-making is adopted top-down and divided into divisions and departments. The network structure is associated with tasks and activities related to external entities to achieve better goals. For example, reducing operating costs, export liability, taking advantage of prices from the market, volunteer-based talent. The matrix structure is a combined line and functional structure. This is the most complex structure which resilient to change. For example, a combination of products and customer structures may allow to production and market of particular goods for different sorts of consumers (Huczynski et al, 2010).
Organizational structures are concerned with products, consumers, geography, and function. Geographic create a structure based on locations and departments of business, the function makes structure based on activities, consumers may be based on individual, government, or business consumers, products may be based on items and lines and made in groups (BPP, 2010).
Organizational structures may be decentralized or centralized. Decentralized organizations depend on various individuals to make a decision, on the other hand, centralized organizations rely on a single individual to make a decision (BPP, 2010)……………..