It is vital to understand how organizations function in terms of the organization’s structure and culture and how these aspects affect the performance of the organization in the business industry. This assignment will focus on the activities of HP and Apple in terms of their structure and culture and the factors influencing individual behavior at work. It will also curtail the nature of groups and group behavior within the organizations and will deliberate the factors that may promote or inhibit the development of effective teamwork in the organizations. It will also evaluate the impact of technology on team functioning within the organizations to achieve its goal-seeking activities that can motivate people to give their best efforts in the organization.
HP is dedicated to maintaining its highest standards of business conduct and corporate governance, which they believe are important in running a business efficiently. Their main objective is to serve their shareholders well and maintain HP’s integrity in the marketplace. HP has adopted a code of business conduct and ethics for its directors, officers, and employees known as the Standards of Business Conduct. HP also follows Corporate Governance Guidelines which, in conjunction with the Certificate of Incorporation, Bylaws, and Board Committee Charters. HP has eleven directors and five standing committees (1) Audit (2) Finance and Investment (3) HR and compensation (4) Nominating and Governance, and (5) Technology.
However, Apple Inc. is a worldwide computer manufacturing company that is going through major changes in the organization’s structure and culture because of some events in the past few years. This is a company that grew quickly in a short span of time, that the management found themselves not coping with their operations and expenses, so to avoid bankruptcy; Apple Inc. was forced to re-evaluate its organizational structure and culture. The change has the drive of outperforming and succeeding in their major objectives. The structure of Apple has become more competitive in critical condition in the company’s history. Apple made a major reestablishment of the company to regain control of its operations and finances to be able to stay in the global market.
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According to Huczynski and Buchanan (2001) organizational structure refers to the conventional system of tasks and in forming relationships that control, coordinates, and persuades employees so that they do the job together to attain organizational objectives. The function of organizational structure is to divide organizational tasks and allocate them to sub-units and equalize and control these activities to be able to carry out organizational goals. It is a style of interactions and coordination that links the technology, undertakings, and human components of the organization to assure that the organization achieves its purpose. From the words of Brooks (2003) organization structure is the approach an organization is configured into workgroups and the informing and authority relationships that associate individuals and groups together. The structure separates the identity for different workgroups and has a major impact on the effectiveness of the communication process between them. It organizes and distributes work among individuals in the organization so that their actions are best harnessed to meet the organization’s goals and objectives.
Figure 1: Organisational Structure of Apple, Inc.
TYPES OF ORGANISATION STRUCTURE
Commonly involves centralized control and the presence of separate functional departments for example purchasing, production, and marketing. It separates and organizes in accordance with the various inputs to a company’s business operations. The multifunctional structure is applicable where products share common production approaches and technologies and it allows workers to be highly skilled in their jobs. (Brooks, 2003)
When functional structures became costly and slow-moving in facing the increased competition from new product markets and lower-cost producers, a more competent structure called multidivisional structure replaced the centralized form. In this type of structure, divisions were established to observe all aspects of the production of a particular good from purchasing materials through composition and delivery. It focuses on a company’s output rather than its input and allows quicker response to market changes because each division has direct access to and control over major supplies necessary. (Brooks, 2013)…………………..