Table of Contents
4.1 Identify risk within your place of work.
4.2 Identify the source of the risk.
Types of Electrical Shocks.
Sources of Electrical shocks in the workplace.
4.3 Assess the impact and likelihood of the risk.
4.4 Identify the ways to minimize the impact and likelihood of the risk.
4.1 Identify risk within your place of work
I am working in a famous electric and electronics business company named EDF Energy, which is situated in the UK. As I am engaged in this company for the last 2 years, I was able to know about some risks for a company that hinders the regular development of the company like fires, electrical shock, gas cylinder blasting, etc. I was also identified as a risk that is an electrical shock in the office.
Places of work generally have power nominally supplied at 230 volts (single-phase) and 400 volts (3 phase) although some larger workplaces will receive electricity at a higher supply voltage. The information below relates to workplaces using 230 and 400-volt supplies.
The main hazards with electricity are:
- Contact with live parts causing shock and burns
- Faults which could cause fires;
- Fire or explosion where electricity could be the source of ignition in a potentially flammable or explosive atmosphere, e.g. In a spray paint booth. (this is dealt with in more detail in our at section
The risk of injury from electricity is strongly linked to where and how it is used and there is a greater risk in wet and/or damp conditions.
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As we are concern about our staff and their safety and security at the workplace, we set an emergency control room of electric supply and employed an expert electrician to check and control the electricity in case of o an emergency. If a worker has come into contact with electricity the worker may not be able to remove themselves from the electrical source. The human body is a good conductor of electricity. If you touch a person while they are in contact with the electrical source, the electricity will flow through your body causing electrical shock. Firstly attempt to turn off the source of the electricity (disconnect). If the electrical source can not readily and safely be turned off, use a non-conducting object, such as a fiberglass object or a wooden pole, to remove the person from the electrical source.
4.2 Identify the source of the risk
Types of Electrical Shocks
As EDF Energy experienced in the electric and electronics business sectors and they ran their business long years, they have identified four types of electric shocks that happen in the workplaces generally.
The severity of the electric shock effect is dependent upon a number of things including the amount of voltage received, the parts of the body involved, the presence of moisture, and how damp the person was at the time of exposure, and the length of time the current flowed through the body.
Loss of muscle control
Following an electric shock, victims often experience extremely painful muscle spasms that can fracture and break bones, or dislocate joints. Because of this loss of muscle control, very often the person is unable to ‘let go’ of the live source, and escape the electric shock.
As electrical current passes through the human body it heats the tissue along the path of the current flow which can result in serious, disabling burns that often require major surgery…………….
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