Table of Contents
2.1 Positivistic (quantitative) articles.
2.2 Interpretative Anti-Positivistic (qualitative) articles.
This paper conducts research on the impact of childhood obesity on health. This paper, first, found out three positivistic (quantitative articles) on this research topic and explained the method used, results and conclusion. Then, this paper found out three anti-positivistic (qualitative articles) on this research topic and explained the method used, results and conclusion. Then, this paper provides a discussion of the finding of the research. Finally, this paper provides the conclusion of the research.
2.1 Positivistic (quantitative) articles
Ahrens and Pigeot (2015) published an article on the risk factors of childhood obesity. This article was a positivistic (quantitative) research. This research has used surveys and questionnaires and collected information from 16,228 children aged 2 to 9 years from the European countries. This research has notified that child obesity creates several risks in mental and physical health. Therefore, this research suggested 6 messages to the children to increase daily physical activity, to reduce daily television watching time, to consume more fruit and vegetables, to drink more water, create strong parent-child relationships, and to sleep enough time. In summary, childhood obesity occurs for complex health-related lifestyle issues.
Emily (2017) has done a thesis paper on “Childhood obesity: confronting the growing problem”. It is a positivistic (quantitative) research. This article has identified the variation in intervention effectiveness that may exist across schools in which the program has been introduced. This research has used the data from the school and also applied the observations, focus groups and semi-structured interviews along with the behavioral surveys. Among five school students, most of the students were eligible for reduced lunch and a small part of students was eligible for free lunch.
Samundeeswari and Maheswari (2019) have done a study on “Mother’s attitude on childhood obesity and its prevention”. It is also positivistic (quantitative) research and used the random sampling of 120 obese children mothers. The results are determined by the mean and standard deviation. The mother’s attitude score of obesity was (56.50%), causes (55.80%), consequences (52.75%) and prevention (54%). The standard deviation was (54.84%). The pattern of behavior of the mother has affected the obesity of the children. Therefore, the mothers have to concern about their children and prevent obesity by taking favorable actions.
2.2 Interpretative Anti-Positivistic (qualitative) articles
According to Philippe (2017), the early life and childhood obesity risk has created stress on the daily life of the children. This was an interpretative (qualitative) research. This research has mentioned that there is a close link between stress in childhood and child and adolescent obesity. This article presented the important sources of childhood stress including abuse, poverty, food insecurity, and obesity. This research used the scientific literature reviews for finding the stress of life and childhood obesity risk. From the reviews, it has identified that some multiple complexities, highly intertwined biological, behavioral, and cross-cutting pathways of increasing stress and obesity risk. The research suggested that childhood obesity risk is required to prevent future childhood obesity and other health problems.
Williams and Greene (2018) developed an article on the “Childhood Overweight and Obesity: Affecting Factors, Education and Intervention”. This was an interpretative (qualitative) research. This research mentioned that overweight and obesity are the global problem that hampers the physical strengths and makes imbalance the lifestyle. This research used qualitative data from various sources including online, journals and interviews of the children. This research focused that education, interventions, and evaluations have a great influence on the prevention of obesity and overweight of children. In addition, this report summarized that active play, passive television watching, and short sleep duration also assist in preventing the obesity and overweight of the children.
Daniel et al. (2015) have done research on “Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration Project: Cross-Site Evaluation Methods”. This was an interpretative (qualitative) research. This paper has made the link between public health & primary care interventions to prevent Childhood Obesity. Additionally, this paper also focused on the comprehensive evaluation plan for finding the CORD model that brings changes in attitude, habits, body weight, BMI, quality of life, and health satisfaction of children from 2 to 12 years ago. This paper used the pooled data from three independent projects. The CORD model assisted the children to create connections between public health & primary care that ultimately change in attitude, habits, body weight, BMI, quality of life of the children.
The above articles have a great contribution to understanding the research topic very effectively. According to Lawlor (2018), obesity indicates overweight that creates several problems in daily life. Most of the children like to eat fast foods and this increases the weight of the children that affects the mental or physical health of the children. Obesity is the cause of different kinds of diseases and other health hampers of children. The main reasons for childhood obesity include genetics, overeating, junk foods, food addiction, easy food availability, fast foods, insulin, certain medications, sugar and misinformation (Gunnars, 2018). The previous articles suggested that children have to increase daily physical activity, reduce daily television watching time, consume more fruit and vegetables, drink more water, create strong parent-child relationships and sleep enough time for being healthy and reducing the chance of obesity.
Gunnars (2018) stated that obesity can be created for several reasons. Firstly, the consumption of more bad fat and the reduction of good fat are the causes of obesity. In addition, the consumption of more sugary foods is also the cause of obesity. Lawlor (2018) stated that most children are faced with the problem of obesity. Obesity directly hampers the physical and mental health of the children because children have faced several problems due to their being overweight. They never feel good because it is very difficult for them to move from one place to another. In addition, the rate of childhood obesity is large because children like to eat more sugary foods, junk foods and others.
Figure: Causes of Obesity Source: Gunnars (2018)
According to CDC (2020), the effects of overweight are numerous. It is the all-causes of death and high blood pressure. In addition, high LDL and low HDL cholesterol, diabetes, heart disease, stroke Sleep apnea and breathing problems are also occurred due to obesity. Obesity also minimizes the quality of life and increases mental illnesses like clinical depression, anxiety along with other mental disorders. Body pain and other physical problems are arisen due to obesity. The physical and mental disorder has a negative impact on the prosper of children in the future. Obesity also hampers the student life of the children. The future goals of the children can be a nip in the bud due to the overweight. Obesity increases the chance of heart diseases, diabetics, kidney disorders fatty liver, cancer and high blood pressure. The children have also faced the difficulty of managing themselves effectively. There are most of the studies that get the direct effects of weight on the mental health of children. Physical disabilities are increased due to obesity. According to Siervo (2017), psychological stress is also created due to the obesity of children. Lawlor (2018) stated that the consequences of obesity hamper the brain development of children slowly. For this reason, this obesity has become a global problem in this present world. The causes and consequences of obesity are presented in the following figure:
Figure: Effects of Obesity Source: CDC (2020)
Biggers (2018) stated that obesity can be prevented by following some strict processes. Firstly, the children need to consume less sugary foods and eat more vegetables and fruits. Secondly, the children should eat dietary fiber to reduce the overweight. The parents of the children should make a healthy eating plan for the children and monitor the weight of children regularly. The young age prevention of obesity is more fruitful than after young age. Beegum (2016) mentioned that the risk of obesity in children can be reduced by taking necessary steps in advance. Firstly, the mother of the children should continue breastfeeding for the children that largely reduce the chance of obesity of the children in the future. After that children should feed adequate food by the parents on the basis of the size of the child. The parents should make the relationship between the children and healthy foods in an early stage of life. Physical activity is also needed to reduce the risk of obesity. Additionally, the children should get enough sleep to ensure good health and less weight for getting positive mental and physical health. Effective efforts can help to reduce the chance of getting obese for children.
In conclusion, this assignment included the summarization of three quantitative articles and qualitative research. From the quantitative researches, it has been found that obesity is a common and serious type of problem for children in every country. Children’s obesity has been created due to genetics, overeating, junk foods, food addiction, easy food availability, fast foods, insulin, certain medications, sugar and misinformation. Additionally, obesity has increased the chance of heart diseases, diabetics, kidney disorders fatty liver, cancer and high blood pressure. Obesity has created pressure on the physical and mental health of children. Due to this reason, the children should increase their physical activity, reduce daily television watching time, consume more fruit and vegetables, drink more water, create strong parent-child relationships and sleep adequately. Obesity is considered a global problem for children and other people. Therefore, the parents, as well as the children, need to be concerned about this factor and reduce the chance of obesity of the children.