Part 1 – Introduction to Pain Management
Definition of pain
Pain is the key symptom is the medical term and it is the established reason to seek medical help. The term “pain” first described by the International Association for Study of Pain (IASP) in 1979. This is an emotional experience that is linked with damage to potential tissues (Taxonomy et al., 1994). McCaffrey and Beebe (1989) said pain refers to the experiencing thin an individual feels and says when an experiencing person says it actually does.
Types of pain
As Dahl (2016) notes, there are mainly two types of pain such as acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain is a short-lived and severe type of pain and always gives a signal that a person’s body has been damaged. Chronic pain is long-lived and it is both mild and severe types of pain, and it results in the diseases which may need continuous treatment (Egoscue, 2017). Merskey and Bogduk (2015) said that nociceptive pain and visceral pain are the other types of pain where nociceptive pain is creating in musculoskeletal areas or skin. On the other hand, visceral pain is creating in the internal organs of a human body.
What is meant by Total Pain?
Total pain was first described by Dame Cicely Saunders. Clark (1999) said that the term total pain combines social, physical, psychological, and spiritual features that cooperate through difficult mechanisms to make unique pain experience each person.
Part 2 – Discuss the role of the Multidisciplinary team involved in Pain Management
As Blokdyk (2017) notes, a multidisciplinary team means the group of healthcare workers who are members of a number of healthcare disciplines such as Psychiatrists, Social Workers, and others, and each of them is giving particular services to patients. The members of the multidisciplinary team treat the patients independently and concentrate on different issues in that they are specialized. Housley (2016) said that the multidisciplinary team’s activities are taken together by using a healthcare plan. This manages their activities as well as develops team working by focusing on particular goals.
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Identify team members involved with pain management
There are a number of team members who involve pain management. According to Fear (2010), nurses are employed to identify patients who take advantage of the multidisciplinary team for pain management. MacLellan (2006) reported that the multidisciplinary team is very much effective compared to unimodal treatment. The multidisciplinary team includes a physician, a nurse, an anesthetist, a psychologist, an occupational therapist, and a physiotherapist. Medical team members are responsible for making concerns to the people on pain management (Dopson 2010). MacIntosh and Elson (2008) said that the Pain Management Program (PMP) allows patients to manage chronic pain by using different coping strategies.
Pain Management Program is cost-effective, increases the wellbeing, efficacy, and mobility of the patients. Both therapists and patients need to work in a partnership for a long time period to gain effective results (Walker, 2012). British Pain Society (2013) stated PMP as a treatment for the patients who have chronic pain in that team member provides Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) that takes different unique skills.
In addition, the physiotherapist evaluates the patients to recondition a patient’s muscle function and also can give several therapies including TENS. Moreover, occupational therapist enables independence to the patients by guiding their lifestyle through effective conservation. Dopson (2010) said that nurses support patients through proper medications, sound sleep, and hygiene food. Psychology helps the patients to manage their feelings depression and anger that can go with chronic pain (Dopson 2010). Finally, a pharmacist helps the patients by counseling them about their medications………………….