Table of Contents
Origins, History, and Development of palliative care.
Principles of palliative care.
Delivery of palliative care.
McLeod (2018) said that the term ‘Palliative Care’ means special medical care for the people who are living as well as suffering from a serious illness. In addition, palliative care aims to reduce the stress of severe diseases and illnesses and their symptoms. According to Curie (2014), palliative care mainly aims to increase the quality of people (including patients and their family members) in the community. This paper, first, describes the history of palliative care and its development over time. Then, this paper discusses the key principles of palliatives and their importance in the health and social care sector. Finally, this paper discusses how to deliver palliative care to the community people.
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Origins, history, and development of palliative care
According to Loscalzo (2017), when the concept of palliative care developed during 1950, it focused on the care of dying people. This concept was developed by a doctor, called Dr. Cicely Saunders who focused on modern hospice care through the care-full observation of the people who were suffering from severe illnesses. She also said that the interdisciplinary team can release a dying patient’s “total pain” in the absence of the patient’s families. Loscalzo (2017) said, in 1960, a doctor called Elisabeth Jubler-Ross in the US developed a theory of palliative care that concentrated on open and honest communication with respect to the people who are dying or suffering severe illness. She mainly meant the term palliative care. Her revolutionary book “On Death and Dying” is a great book wherein this book the charismatic presentation of palliative care is outlined.
The other theory of palliative care was invented by a Canadian surgical oncologist, called Dr. Balfour Mount in 1974. This theory focused on several negative inferences of hospice and palliative care along with cultural differences. This theory also considered the theory developed by Sunders. This theory, first, concentrated on holistic care and its appropriate application to the patients who are suffering from severe and chronic illnesses. In addition, this theory focuses on several spiritual, psychological, physical, and social distresses due to different physical and mental diseases and illnesses (Loscalzo, 2017).
Institute of Medicine established ‘Approaching Death’ in 1977 that the key goal is to improve the care of people who are suffering from severe illness……………….